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Foot & Ankle Pain Therapy

Foot & Ankle Pain Therapy

Learn how receiving your foot pain and ankle pain therapy treatment at Revolution Rehabilitation, PC, helps you ‘get back on your feet’ with less pain and better mobility.

Foot Anatomy

A person wrapping their painful foot and ankleWith the bone being comprised of 26 bones, and multiple joints, tendons, ligaments and muscles that keep it together, it is considered one of the more complex body parts. The foot is a body part that is harmed by stress and injury easily. Conditions such as injury, pain and inflammation may limit one’s ability to walk and move around throughout the day.

Types of Foot Problems

When the foot functions in an improper way, it often results in pain and injury. Shoes that don’t fit properly can cause foot problems and make existing problems even worse. The shoes one wears can make a huge difference in foot pain. It’s important to get a shoe that offers support, has a good arch and to find a shoe that fits properly.

Foot problems can occur in the tendons, ligaments, joints, nerves, toes and heels of the foot. Since there are many foot pain symptoms that can mimic other foot conditions, it’s important for a physician to diagnose each patient individually.


What are Heel Spurs?

Heel spurs are growths in the heel bone. These are usually found under the heel bone and where the bone connects to the plantar fascia. The plantar fascia is a connective tissue that extends from the ball of the foot to the heel. This is a very important tissue as it helps keep the arch together and it absorbs the shock during an activity. The plantar fascia can be damaged by wearing shoes that fit poorly, being overweight and/stretching the tissue past its limits. When the stressed out areas of the heel start forming growths, they form heel spurs.

Heel Spur Treatments

  • Physical therapy
  • Corticosteroid injections
  • Ice packs
  • Resting the affected area
  • Taking ibuprofen or other anti-inflammatory medication
  • Stretching before exercising
  • Wearing shoes that fit properly
  • Wearing shoes with shoe inserts
  • Surgery (in severe cases)

What is a Bunion?

Bunions are tissue or bones that are protruded around the joint. These are usually found around the little toe or the big toe. Bunions are caused by stressing out a joint for a long period of time. Since women tend to wear tight fitting shoes or shoes that are uncomfortable, bunions are more common in women than men. However, bunions may also be caused by arthritis.

Treatment Options for Bunions

  • Taking medications such as ibuprofen
  • Wearing comfortable shoes that fit properly
  • Wearing pads that cover the affected area
  • Surgery if the case is severe

What is Morton’s Neuroma?

Morton’s neuroma is a benign tissue that runs along the nerves in the foot of the bone. These bones tend to rub against each other and therefore the nerves become squeezed. Neuromas usually develop between the third and fourth toe and cause pain and swelling in the area. When the pain is severe enough, it may cause burning or even numbness in the toes. This condition usually forms after walking or standing for a long duration. Treating this condition can be done with resting the foot, physical therapy, wearing shoes that fit well and by getting cortisone injections or even surgery if the condition is severe enough.


What is an Ankle Sprain?

Ankle sprains are caused by injuries to the ligaments found in the ankle. A Ligament is a strong tissue that connects one bone to another bone. Ankle sprains are usually caused by twists, turns or rolls of the ankle. These sprains can be brought on by weak muscles, loose ligaments, wearing high heels or by loose ligaments. Ankle sprain symptoms vary from person to person and depend on the severity of the sprain, but almost all sprains include bruising, swelling and pain.

Treatments for an Ankle Sprain

  • Physical therapy
  • Wearing a walking case
  • Resting the ankle
  • Wrapping the ankle in tape or bandages
  • Applying an ice pack
  • Elevating the ankle
  • Slowly returning to exercise and walking
  • Surgery

What is a Foot Fracture?

With 26 bones in each foot, this increases the chance for a foot injury. Fortunately, most foot fractures will heal on its own and don’t require a cast or even worse, surgery. Once the foot is fractured, pain and swelling will kick in immediately. Treating a foot fracture depends on where the fracture is located. Fracture sites may include:

  • Metatarsal bone fractures: fractures that are found in the middle of the foot. These don’t usually require a cast to be worn. Instead, it is recommended that a patient wears a stiff shoe that offers support. However, if the fracture is severe, surgery may be needed to correct the fractured and/or misaligned bones.
  • Ankle joint fractures: these fractures are more severe and usually require a cast. If the bones are too misaligned or separated, surgery may be required.
  • Sesamoid bone fractures: the two small, round bones found near the metatarsal bone of the big toe. To treat this fracture, physicians usually recommend wearing padded soles to help with pain relief. However, if the fracture is severe, the sesamoid bones may be removed during surgery.
  • Toe fractures: these fractures occur in the toes of the foot and don’t require a cast. Toe fractures usually heal without assistance.

What is Foot Pain?

Foot pain can be a result of a fracture, nerve damage or even sprain. If the foot pain is moderate to severe, it can result in immobilization and affect one’s lifestyle tremendously. Below are three areas where foot pain is found the most:

Plantar Fascia

Plantar fasciitis is severe foot pain that is usually found in the heel of the foot. This pain is brought on by standing or resting and is usually caused by an injury to the sole of the foot. The fascia, which is a strong connective tissue that connects the heel bone to the toes, can become inflamed and cause pain in that area. Plantar fasciitis is normally found in people that are overweight, women and those who walk or stand on hard surfaces for long periods of time. This condition is also common in those with high arches or flat feet.

Ball of the Foot

Pain found in the ball of the foot is usually due to joint or nerve damage. Other causes of pain in the ball of the foot may include benign growths, such as Morton’s neuroma. To treat pain in the ball of the foot, one may need corticosteroid injections or need to wear shoes that have inserts and help reduce pain.

Other treatments may include:

  • Physical therapy
  • Wearing an ice pack
  • Rest
  • Stretching the plantar fascia and the Achilles tendons
  • Taking anti-inflammatory medications that don’t include steroids

Achilles Tendons Injury

This tendon is the largest tendon found in the body. It is responsible for connecting the heel bone to the calf muscle. Unfortunately, this tendon is most susceptible to inflammation, tendonitis and injury. When an Achilles tendon is overused, pain, swelling and stiffness may be present.

Achilles Tendons Treatment

  • Undergo an ultrasound
  • Get a massage
  • Rest
  • Stretch the area
  • Take an anti-inflammatory medication
  • Wear a bandage or device for support
  • Undergo surgery

Schedule a free consultation

Call 719-635-8622 to schedule a free consultation to discuss your Colorado Springs foot pain and ankle pain therapy treatment at Revolution Rehabilitation, PC.